Community-Based Health Intervention

Community-Based Health Intervention
Read all 13 case studies in the material uploaded and research the references provided. Complete and submit the following formally written responses:

You need to answer give a thorough and complete answer to the questions it could be in a paragraph
1) Answer each of the questions under the Your Further Thoughts section of the case study.

Community-Based Health Interventions in Practice
OVERVIEW
This chapter consists ofa collection of case studies in which community-based health
interventions have been undertaken in a variety of settings to address health problems
such as arthritis, asthma,

adult vaccinations, alcohol use, cardiovascular disease, child-
hood immunizations, injuries from motor vehicle accidents, sexual violence, and
tobacco use. These examples are not intended as an exhaustive account ofcommunity-
based interventions, but rather as insights into the numerous approaches public health
practitioners are currently developing and applying. Each case study follows a broadly
similar structure, beginning with a discussion of the health problem being addressed,

proceeding to a look at the intervention employed and a summary of its evaluation,
and concluding with questions to provoke further thoughts. An evaluation was carried
out in most of these case studies, and when an evaluation is absent readers are asked to
consider how they would design and implement an evaluation for the intervention.
Furthermore, a reference citation has been provided for each case study to encourage
and enable continued discussion about these interventions.
ARTHRITIS C

Arthritis interferes with or limits sufferers’ usual daily activities. In Minnesota over a
quarter of adults have been diagnosed as having arthritis, and almost two-fifths of
people age fifty-five and older experience limitations in their activities. While early
diagnosis and treatment can diminish the disability associated with the disease, less
than one percent ofindividuals who suffer from arthritis seek help. Treatment options
routinely include physical activity and self-management education, and community- A

based interventions that provide these services to individuals with or at risk for arthri- 6′
tis can reduce both physical and financial burdens associated with the disease. C

The Intervention
Sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Minnesota m
Arthritis Program employed a systems approach to link the state’s elderly to arthritis 0
intervention programs. It did this by developing partnerships between programs ac

that have overlapping goals and serve the same target population. Specifically, the ch
Minnesota Arthritis Program partnered with the Elderbeny Institute’s Living at Home 1°
Block Nurse program, a program that works to help the elderly remain in their homes. qu
Through this partnership, arthritis-focused services that included self-management T

education were integrated with existing programs that offer independent living assis-
tance. The program targeted people aged sixty-five and older who lived in Elderberry To
senior housing units to participate in the intervention. The program used both health 3%
professionals and neighborhood volunteers to provide health care and supportive ser- d‘_5
vices. The partnership enhanced the number of program participants and expanded its A‘
program leaders and exercise program instructors.

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